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Do You Need More Than A Will? – Other Things To Consider

Posted by on Jun 1, 2017 in Articles, Conveyancing Articles, Wills & Deceased Estates Articles |

Most people understand the importance of a Will i.e. it is a document by which a person disposes of their assets after their death. But the crucial thing to remember is that a Will only operates from the date of one’s death. What will happen to your assets in a situation where you are still alive but due to an accident or some other reason you are not of sufficient mental capacity to manage your own affairs? And in such a case who will make necessary decisions about your medical treatment or where you are to live? That is why it is well worth considering two other valuable documents that more and more people these days are entering into at the same time as their Will being an Enduring Power of Attorney and an Appointment of Enduring Guardian. Put simply, the presence of all three documents means that all your affairs will be taken care of both before and after your death. Let us take a closer look at the other two documents: Enduring Power of Attorney Some of the features of this document are: (a) It appoints someone (an attorney) to have authority to make decisions about your property and financial affairs; (b) It does not authorise anyone to make decisions concerning your lifestyle, health or personal affairs; (c) It will still be valid even if you lose mental capacity provided a prescribed person, such as a lawyer, explains the document to you and signs a certificate to that effect; (d) It will operate until you cancel it, the attorney no longer wishes to act or you die; (e) Before an attorney can use the document he or she has to accept it meaning they must sign it; and (f) In order to allow the attorney to deal with land owned by you the Enduring Power of Attorney has to be registered at Land & Property Information which involves a registration fee. Appointment of Enduring Guardian Some of the features of this document are: (a) It appoints someone (an enduring guardian) to make personal, lifestyle or health decisions on your behalf when you are not capable of doing so yourself; (b) The enduring guardian can make decisions such as where you live, what services are provided to you and what medical treatment you receive; (c) It only comes into effect when you lose mental capacity and is effective only during the period of such incapacity. Therefore, although it may never become operational it makes sense to plan for unforeseen events; (d) It must be witnessed by a prescribed person such as a lawyer who must explain the document to you and sign a certificate to that effect; (e)...

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Surrender of Retail and Commercial Leases

Posted by on May 31, 2017 in Articles, Business Sale & Purchase Articles, Commercial Agreement & Dispute Articles, Conveyancing Articles, Lease Articles |

When a landlord and a tenant both agree to terminate a lease before its expiry date this is called a surrender of Lease. A lease creates an interest in land in favour of the tenant and constitutes a contract between the landlord and the tenant. A surrender terminates both the tenant’s interest in the land and the contract. The process of the surrender should be regulated by a Deed of Surrender so that the rights and obligations of both the landlord and the tenant are clearly set out to ensure no disputes can arise at a later time. Also, if the Lease is registered, section 54 of the Real Property Act requires a Surrender of Lease form to be executed by the parties and upon registration the land will revest in the landlord. As a preliminary point, the parties should determine who will meet the legal costs relating to and arising out the surrender of the lease. The process for a typical surrender of lease will be as follows: 1. A Deed of Surrender of Lease has to be prepared covering numerous issues including: (a) The date of surrender i.e. the date the tenant will vacate the premises; (b) Payment of rent and outgoings up to the date of surrender; (c) Making good the premises by the surrender date .i.e. the tenant having to return the premises to the same condition they were in at the start of the lease; (d) Release of the landlord, tenant and any guarantors from liability from the date of surrender; (e) The return of any bank guarantee or security deposit to the tenant; (f) The liability of either the landlord or tenant or both for the legal costs and stamp duty relating to or arising out of the surrender of lease; (g) The preparation of the Surrender of Lease form to be registered at Land & Property Information (“LPI”); and (h) Any payment by one party to the other in return for the surrender. 2. The solicitor for the tenant will have to review the Deed and may wish to make amendments to which will have to be negotiated; 3. Once the Deed is finalised, the parties will have to sign it and exchange it so it can come into effect; 4. The tenant will have to make good the premises before the surrender date to the satisfaction of the landlord; 5. The parties will have to execute the Surrender of Lease form; 6. A letter will need to be sent to any mortgagee requesting it to produce the Certificate of Title at the LPI; 7. Once the Certificate of Title has been produced at the LPI, the Surrender form can be lodged...

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Bank Guarantees for Retail and Commercial Leases

Posted by on May 16, 2017 in Articles, Commercial Agreement & Dispute Articles, Lease Articles, Litigation Articles |

A landlord of a retail or commercial property often requires a tenant to provide a bank guarantee as security in case the tenant defaults under the Lease. Many bank guarantees that are offered to landlords are inadequately prepared by the bank and do not offer effective protection. To avoid a bank guarantee being rejected by a landlord or to ensure that it is one capable of being called on by a landlord the following should be considered: 1. Australian Bank The bank guarantee should be issued by an Australian bank with an Australian trading licence. This aids in the landlord’s ability to quickly and efficiently make a claim and to receive funds. 2. Unconditional It should provide and unconditional undertaking by the bank to pay a certain amount if a demand is made by the landlord. 3. Favouree It should correctly describe the landlord as “the favouree” i.e. the one to receive the benefit of the bank’s undertaking. 4. Customer It should state precisely the party for whom it is being issued (“the customer”) as the tenant. If the bank guarantee is sought by a third party connected to the tenant then it should mention the customer’s name followed by “at the request of [name of the tenant]”. 5. Description of Leased Premises The leased premises should be correctly described in full. 6. Purpose It must set out that the purpose of the bank guarantee is to secure the tenant’s obligations under the Lease with descriptions of the address of the leased premises and the parties including their names. 7. Amount It should correctly state the amount of the bank guarantee as required by the Lease which would normally comprise a certain number of months’ rent and proportionate share of any outgoings plus GST. 8. Expiry Date The expiry date of the bank guarantee should be at least 3 months after the expiry date of the Lease to give the landlord enough time to determine, upon the tenant vacating the premises, whether there have been any breaches of the Lease such as failure to make good the premises, to obtain any quotes for repairs, for the work to be carried out, for final invoices to be received and for a written claim to be made on the bank. May...

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A Guide to the New Strata Renewal Process

Posted by on Feb 6, 2017 in Articles, Conveyancing Articles, Strata Matters & Dispute Articles |

As from 30 November 2016 a new procedure has been introduced allowing for a strata renewal (i.e. either the collective sale of the whole strata scheme or the redevelopment of the whole strata scheme such that its termination and replacement by a further strata scheme is necessary) with the support of at least 75% of the lot owners. It is governed by Part 10 of the Strata Schemes Development Act 2015 (“SSD Act”) and the Strata Schemes Development Regulation 2016 (SSD Reg.”) and must be strictly adhered to avoid challenges by dissenting owners or rejection by the Court. Here are the important steps in the process: 1. Opting in to Process The process automatically applies only to strata schemes which commenced from 30 November 2016. For strata schemes already in existence before that date the owners have to agree to the new process applying by a vote in favour by more than 50% of the lot owners in a general meeting. 2. Consideration of Proposal To initiate the process a written strata renewal proposal (“proposal”), complying with Regulation 30 of the SSD Reg., must be submitted to the owners corporation for consideration by the strata committee. If the strata committee decides that the proposal warrants further consideration by the owners corporation it must convene a general meeting of the owners corporation to allow it to do so. 3. Appointment of Strata Renewal Committee If a majority of lot owners decide that the proposal warrants investigation by a strata renewal committee, the owners corporation must vote to establish a strata renewal committee to prepare a strata renewal plan and elect its members. 4. Functions of Strata Renewal Committee Once established, the strata renewal committee has up to one year to prepare a strata renewal plan, containing the information required by section 170 of the SSD Act and Regulation 33 of the SSD Reg. relating to the proposal for consideration by the owners corporation. Such information can be prepared with the assistance of valuers and lawyers and must include the market value of the strata complex and the proposed compensation payments to lot owners. 5. Consideration of Strata Renewal Plan Once the strata renewal plan has been prepared, a general meeting of the owners corporation must be convened to allow owners to consider the plan. Apart from provisions allowing for amendments of the plan, in order for the matter to progress at least 75% of lot owners at the general meeting must vote in favour of giving the plan to the owners for their consideration for at least 60 days during which they can get independent advice on the plan. 6. Approval of the Strata Renewal Plan Provided at least 75%...

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Resolving Home Building Disputes

Posted by on Feb 2, 2016 in Articles, Building Dispute Articles, Conveyancing Articles, Litigation Articles |

When you are building or renovating your home and a dispute arises between you and your builder then you should take the following steps: 1. Speak to the builder and try to come to a resolution through open and positive communication; 2. If that fails then check your building contract to see if there is a dispute resolution clause that requires certain procedures to be followed. For example, clause 27 of the NSW Fair Trading Home Building Contract for work over $20,000.00 requires one party to give the other prompt written notice of the dispute. However, it then provides that, if the dispute is not resolved informally, the parties “may” confer with a mediator or expert to assist; 3. If the dispute remains unresolved then, provided there are no other mandatory procedures to be followed under the building contract, you can contact NSW Fair Trading to assist with regard to major defects within the 6 year statutory warranty period and minor defects within the 2 year statutory warranty period; 4. NSW Fair Trading will attempt to negotiate a satisfactory outcome between the builder and yourself. If that fails then a Fair Trading Building Inspector will be sent on-site to inspect the work in dispute. If appropriate, he will issue a Rectification Order which will set a date by which work is to be rectified or completed; and 5. If you are not satisfied with the Rectification Order or if it is not complied with then you may lodge a claim with the NSW Civil and Administrative Tribunal (“NCAT”) which can hear matters up to the value of $500,000.00. For matters over this figure you would have to make a claim with a Court. February...

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Things To Know Before Leasing Business Premises

Posted by on Oct 6, 2015 in Articles, Business Sale & Purchase Articles, Commercial Agreement & Dispute Articles, Lease Articles |

A lease is an agreement between the owner of business premises (the landlord or lessor) and the operator of a business on the premises (the tenant or lessee). When you enter into a lease you are agreeing to pay monthly rent for the term of the lease, usually a number of years. If the rent is paid late the landlord can take possession of the premises without written notice and can lock you out. You will be liable for the rent until another tenant is found. A lease therefore involves a serious commitment on your part and you should get legal advice about all of its terms before signing it. Other things to be aware of are as follows: 1. You should check with the landlord or the local Council to see if there is development approval for the kind of business you wish to conduct on the premises. If not, you will need to apply for development approval from the Council; 2. Also, if you need to do a fit-out or building work check with the council if you need to lodge a development application; 3. You can negotiate a rent-free period with the landlord if it will take some time to set up your business. Also, you can make the lease subject to the local council granting development approval or simply wait for the approval before entering into the lease; 4. If the landlord is to provide fixtures and fittings with the premises you should check there is an inventory attached to the lease and that it is correct; 5. When negotiating the term of the lease you should always ask for an option for a new lease so that you get say a three year lease with an option for another three years. Without the option you may not be able to sell the business as the original term nears the expiry date or the landlord may grant you a new lease at a much higher rent; 6. You should agree on not only the rent but on how the rent will increase after each anniversary. Normal methods of increasing the rent are by way of a CPI adjustment, a fixed percentage or by agreeing on the market rent; 7. Normally, the landlord will ask you for security to ensure payment of the rent and outgoings. You should agree on this either being a cash bond (security deposit) for an amount equal to one to three months’ rent and outgoings or a bank guarantee for the same amount; and 8. Additional rules apply to retail shop leases which are leases of premises used wholly or predominantly for those retail purposes referred to in the Retail Leases...

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